N) Demystifying Legal and Financial Responsibilities for Companies in Spain

In the dynamic landscape of Spanish business, compliance with legal and financial obligations is essential. Accompany stands ready to guide you through these complexities, ensuring seamless navigation and sustained growth.


Spain, with its vibrant culture and bustling economy, offers a promising landscape for businesses seeking growth and expansion. However, the journey to success in the Spanish market comes with its own set of challenges particularly in navigating the intricate web of legal and financial obligations. In this blog, we’ll explore the essential requirements that companies operating in Spain must adhere to, ensuring compliance and sustainable growth in this dynamic environment.

What to know

  • Understanding Legal and Financial Obligations:

In Spain, commercial companies are bound by a series of legal and financial obligations essential for lawful and transparent operations. These obligations vary depending on the type of company, necessitating a thorough understanding of sector-specific regulations. However, certain overarching principles apply to all companies, serving as guiding lights to maintain legal standing and avoid penalties.

  • Registration with the Commercial Registry:

One of the initial obligations for companies in Spain is to register with the Commercial Registry of the province where the company is domiciled. This registry serves as a repository for vital company information and facilitates the submission of changes in the company’s structure, such as statutory modifications or changes in management.

  • Tax Compliance:

Spanish companies must fulfill their fiscal obligations, including the payment of Corporate Income Tax, Value Added Tax (VAT) and other local taxes and fees. Maintaining accurate accounting records and submitting timely and precise tax declarations is paramount to compliance.

  • Bookkeeping Requirements:

Companies are also required to maintain updated accounting records reflecting their financial transactions. This includes maintaining the General Ledger and the Inventory and Annual Accounts Ledger. Additionally, companies must retain relevant business documentation for a specified period, typically six years, as per legal provisions.

  • Submission of Annual Accounts:

Annual accounts must be submitted to the Commercial Registry, accurately portraying the company’s financial position, results and overall performance in accordance with legal requirements.

  • Auditing:

Certain companies are obligated to undergo an annual audit of their accounts conducted by an independent expert. This requirement primarily applies to larger corporations or when specific economic thresholds are met.

  • Social Security and Employment Contracts:

Companies employing staff must comply with associated obligations, such as Social Security registration, drafting employment contracts and adherence to labor laws. Depending on specific circumstances, controlling partners may also be required to register with Social Security as self-employed individuals.

  • Data Protection:

Companies must handle personal data in accordance with the law, implementing measures to restrict data processing, inform stakeholders about data processing activities and enforce appropriate security measures to safeguard this data.

How Accompany can help

Accompany serves as a trusted partner for businesses navigating the complexities of legal and financial obligations in Spain. Leveraging our expertise in Spanish regulations, we offer tailored solutions and expert guidance to ensure seamless compliance. From assisting with registration at the Commercial Registry to providing tax advisory services and ensuring adherence to employment laws and data protection regulations, we offer comprehensive support across a wide range of areas. With Accompany by your side, you can navigate the intricacies of Spanish business regulations with confidence, allowing you to focus on driving your business forward in the Spanish market.


In summary, companies operating in Spain face a myriad of legal and financial obligations crucial for lawful and transparent operations. Non-compliance with these obligations can result in penalties and legal complications. Conversely, adherence to these obligations not only ensures the company’s legality but also contributes to its reputation and long-term success in the market. Therefore, maintaining accurate financial management and seeking reliable legal advice are essential for fulfilling all obligations.

It’s worth noting that an increasing number of company obligations in Spain can now be partially or fully met through electronic means. For instance, meetings can now be held via video conferencing and notarial proceedings are being digitized.


The information contained herein is of a general nature, and subject to changes. Applicability to your specific situation should be determined through consultation with our tax or legal advisors.